IUCN Red List of Threatened Species - Juniperus procera

Juniperus procera

Taxonomy
Kingdom PLANTAE
Phylum TRACHEOPHYTA
Class CONIFEROPSIDA
Order CONIFERALES
Family CUPRESSACEAE
Common Name/s EAST AFRICAN CEDARWOOD (E)
Species Authority Hochst. ex Endl.
Assessment Information
Red List Category & Criteria LR/nt    ver 2.3 (1994)
Year Assessed 1997
Assessor/s World Conservation Monitoring Centre
Distribution
Country Names Congo, The Democratic Republic of the
Djibouti
Ethiopia
Kenya
Malawi
Saudi Arabia
Somalia
Sudan
Tanzania, United Republic of
Uganda
Yemen (North Yemen)
Zimbabwe
Summary Documentation
Biome Terrestrial
Major Threat/s
1.1.2Habitat Loss/Degradation - Agriculture - Wood plantations (ongoing)
1.3.3.2Habitat Loss/Degradation - Extraction - Wood - Selective logging (ongoing)
8.7Changes in native species dynamics - Other (ongoing)
Detailed Documentation
Range and Population Widespread from Arabia to Zimbabwe. Existing populations in the Arabian Peninsula represent a small fragment of the woodlands that once existed. Outlying populations in Zimbabwe, the Republic of Congo and Malawi are extremely small and threatened.
Habitat and Ecology This large tree is found in mountainous areas on rocky ground, mostly between 1750 and 2500 m.
Threats At lower elevations populations appear to be regenerating extremely poorly, possibly because of climatic changes. Trees continue to be cut for fuelwood and timber at a local level, and in some places also for export. Changing land-use patterns, browsing, particularly by buffalo and elephants, and the increase in plantations of fast-growing exotic species are also contributing to the species' decline.
Data Sources
Data Sources

FAO Forestry Department. 1986. Databook on endangered tree and shrub species and their provenances. FAO, Rome.

Farjon, A. 1993. The taxonomy of multi-seed junipers (Juniperus sect. Sabina) in SW Asia and East Africa. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 49(3):251-283.

Friis, I. 1992. Forests and forest trees of Northeast Tropical Africa. Their natural habitats and distribution patterns in Ethiopia, Djibouti and Somalia. HMSO, Middlesex, UK.

Katende, A.B. 1993. Annotations to: TPU conservation status report for Uganda dated 29 Jun 1993.

Tutin, T.G., Heywood, V.H., Burges, N.A., Valentine, D.H., Walters, S.M. and Webb, D.A. (eds) 1995. Flora Europaea Volumes 1-5. Electronic dataset supplied by R.J Pankhurst, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.

Wild, H. and Müller, T. 1979. Rhodesia. Part of appendix to: Possibilities and needs for conservation of plant species and vegetation in Africa. In: I. Hedberg, (ed.) Systematic Botany, Plant Utilization and Biosphere Conservation, pp.99-100. Almqvist and Wiksell International, Stockholm.


Citation: IUCN 2002. 2002 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 28 October 2003.

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